创业教育对大学生创业意向的影响研究
2017-05-24 

创业教育对大学生创业意向的影响研究

——兼对本科生与高职生的比较[1]

王心焕1,薄赋徭2,雷家骕1

1.清华大学 经济管理学院,北京 100084;

2.马鞍山职业技术学院 马鞍山 安徽 243031

摘要:本文基于2015年我们对“在校大学生创业态度和创业意向”的调查。以来自全国37所本科院校和15所高职院校的15624份问卷为样本,通过层次回归分析,研究了在校大学生创业意向的影响因素;重点分析了创业教育对创业意向的影响,以及对创业态度的调节作用;并对本科生与高职生进行了比较。研究发现,家庭环境是对大学生创业意向影响最大的环境因素;创业态度中“经济追求”和“自我实现”对大学生创业意向的影响最大;本科院校的创业教育增强了学生的创业意向,其中创业实践活动的影响最为明显,但高职院校的创业教育并不有效;创业教育一定程度地调节了“创业态度对创业意向”的影响,主要增强了大学生“经济追求对创业意向”的影响。在此基础之上,本文对高校的创业教育提出了相关启示和建议。

关键词:创业教育;创业意向;创业态度;大学生

Research on the Influence of Entrepreneurship Education on College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention

——Comparing University Students with Vocational Students

WANG Xinhuan1, BO Fuyao2, LEI Jiasu1

(1.School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

2.Maanshan Technical College, Maanshan Anhui 243031, China)

Abstract: This research which is based on “Survey of 2015 college students’ entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial intention” collected 15624 questionnaires from 37 universities and 15 vocational colleges. This paper analyzes influence factors of college students’ entrepreneurial intention through hierarchical regression analysis, and focuses on entrepreneurship education's influence on entrepreneurial intention as well as moderate effect to entrepreneurial attitude, by comparing university students with vocational students. The study discovers that family environment is the most significant environmental factors to college students' entrepreneurial intention; economic pursuit and self-actualization of entrepreneurial attitude have the greatest influence on college students' entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurship education in universities enhances the students' entrepreneurial intention, and entrepreneurship practice activities have the greatest impact, but entrepreneurship education in vocational colleges is not so effective; entrepreneurship education adjusts the influence of entrepreneurial attitude on entrepreneurial intention, mainly strengthens the impact of pursuit attitude to entrepreneurial intention. Based on above, this paper puts forward some enlightenments and suggestions for domestic entrepreneurship education.

Keywords: entrepreneurship education entrepreneurial intention entrepreneurial attitude college students


[1]作者简介:王心焕(1985-),男,陕西西安人,清华大学经济管理学院创新创业与战略系博士生,研究方向为创新创业、企业成长;薄赋徭(1974-),女,山东济南人,马鞍山职业技术学院副教授,清华大学访问学者,研究方向为创新创业教育;雷家骕(1955-),男,陕西西安人,清华大学经济管理学院教授、博士生导师,中国企业成长与经济安全研究中心主任,研究方向为创新创业、企业成长、国家经济安全

基金项目:国家社科基金项目《基于科学的产业走向自主创新的技术赶超路径及其战略研究》(批准号:12AZD061)。

南开经济调查 | 知中国服务中国
联系我们或寻求合作,可发送邮件至 info#nkear.com(发送时请将#改为@)
调查札记 更多
调研报告 更多