Emerging of Artificial Intelligence Economy in China

The development of China's intelligent technology and industry is generated endogenously from the intelligent demand created in the economic restructuring and upgrade. Based on the integration of field study and big data analysis and in order to portray and analyze the basic form, structure and dynamic mechanism of China’s intelligent economy development, this report established China Intelligent Economy Sample Database covering 408 intelligent enterprises, 73 universities, 56 non-university scientific research institutions, 138 conferences held in 2017 within China, 84 industry alliances, 834 investors, 18 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions and 13 hotspot cities.

Based on the analysis of the attributes of samples and relational data, this report states the current conditions and structure of China's intelligent economy development, reveals the "hidden order" of China's intelligent economy, identifies the essential driving force and mechanism of intelligent economy development driven by the intelligent demand created in the economic transformation and upgrade, and evaluates regional competitiveness of the development of China's intelligent industry.

The establishment time of Chinese intelligent enterprises was concentrated between 2010 and 2016, with 2014 as a peak. The regions, including Beijing, Guangdong, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu are with the highest concentration of intelligent enterprises and Beijing account for 43.9%. 77.7% of the intelligent enterprises are distributed in the application layer. Enterprises in the base layer and technology layer have a relatively small percentage. As for the core technologies relied by intelligent enterprises, machine learning, big data and robot technology are the TOP 3. China's intelligent enterprises widely distributes in 17 application domains, including enterprise technology integration and solution offer, essential technology R&D application platform, intelligent hardware and intelligent manufacturing.

Based on the analysis of the relational data of 408 intelligent enterprises, this report finds the "hidden order" of the development of China's intelligent economy. With digital and intellectualized empowerment, the real time online data sharing platform and national AI innovation platforms become the dominator of the development of intelligent economy. At least 25% of the core human capital in the intelligent enterprises has academic and working experiences in overseas universities, scientific research institutions, R&D organizations and enterprises. The intelligent enterprises' technological empowered objects are almost domestic enterprises, and 22.6% of the technology input comes from foreign enterprises and institutions. Among the key investors of intelligent industry, both investment institutions and non-investment institutions are included. Among non-investment institutions, Tencent, Alibaba Group, Baidu, Lenovo, JD.com, Xiaomi, Fosun International and Ant Financial are the most active investors.

Main dynamic mechanism of the development of China's intelligent economy consist of platform-dominant innovative ecosystem, new incubator organizations, new innovative areas and governments’ positive responses to policies. During development, platforms have already evolved from pure trading platforms and innovative enterprises into mutually nesting innovative ecosystem including several sub-systems. The emergence of new incubator organization and model, like the "Platform+Empowerment+Developer", has accelerated the integration of intelligent technology, economy and society. Due to the gathering and netting interactions by diversified innovative subjects, new innovative areas distributed in city central areas and sub central areas become the space “polarization" carriers. The releasing of local governments policies and the planning and building of special industrial parks are more manifested by the positive responses to the local intelligent enterprises and the actual demand of industrial development.

In terms of the Intelligent Industrial Regional Competitiveness Evaluation Index ranking, Beijing, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shanghai and Jiangsu are among the first echelon. Provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the second echelon include Shandong, Anhui, Hubei, Tianjin, Fujian, Sichuan, Chongqing, Liaoning, Guizhou and Heilongjiang.

In terms of the development of intelligent technology and industry, China is no longer a follower, but is endeavored to be a leader. The development of China’s intelligent technology and intelligent economy become not only the endogenous driving force of the transformation and upgrade of the Chinese economy, but can also make contribution to the prosperity and development of the world.

The full version of the report

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